In Japan, its higher education starts upon the completion of 12 years of education :
1) elementary education (6 years of elementary school)
2) secondary education (3 years of lower secondary school years of upper secondary school).

5 types of higher education

1) Colleges of technology
2) Professional training colleges (postsecondary course of specialized training colleges)
3) Junior colleges
4) Universities
5) Graduate schools

Eligibility for Admission

1) Students who have completed 12 (11) years of schooling in countries other than Japan.

2) Students who are 18 (17) years of age or older and have successfully passed an academic qualification examination that is equivalent to the completion of 12 (11) years of schooling in countries other than Japan.

3) Students who are 18 (17) years of age older and have completed studies at international schools in Japan that are officially recognized as equivalent to high schools in counries other than Japan.

4) Students who are 18 (17) years of age or older and hold an international Beccalaureate diploma, German Abitur diploma or French Baccalaureate diploma.

5) Students who are 18 (17) years of age or older and have completed 12 (11) years of curruculum at international schools in Japan that are accredited by any of the following international accreditation organizations : the Western Association of Schools and Colleges (WASC), Council of International Schools (CIS) or Association of Christian Schools International (ACSI).

6) Students who are 18 (17) years of age or older and have successfully passed an academic qualification examination that is equivalent to a high school diploma in Japan.

7) Students who are 18 years of age or older and are recognized by the educational institutions to which they apply for admission, through their individual admission qualification examinations, as having an academic ability that is equivalent to a high school diploma o above.

8) A student who satisfies any one of the admission qualifications specified in the School Edcuation Act, other than those outlined above.
※ With regard to 1) through 3) above, if a student has complited less than 12 (11) years of schooling, he/she must complete an authorized univeristy preparatory courses or an authorized course at a traning facility, among other things.
※ For eligibility courses for transfer admission to colleges of technologies, the term in a parenthesis shall apply, replacing the corresponding term; provided, however, that this does not apply to 7)
※Eligibility requirements 1), 4) and 5) will be revised.